Biography

Joaquín Turina Pérez

Joaquín Turina Pérez was born in Sevilla on the 9th of December 1882. Born into a comfortable middle class family, he was surrounded by an artistic environment that was a good influence on the future musician. At the age of four he was given as a gift an accordion and surprised everyone with the speed and facility he learned to play.

In 1894 he began his formal studies of harmony theory and counterpoint. Almost immediately he began to compose small pieces. His debut was on March 14 1897 where he performed the Thalberg's Fantasy on a theme from Rossini's Moses that set him on the road to become a full fledged performer. In 1902 he moved to Madrid where he quickly became involved in the musical scene there and saw the premier of his Zarzuela La sulamita. In 1905 he, as most other Spanish composers of the time, went to Paris. He studied piano with Moszkowsky and theory under Vicent d'Indy in the Schola Cantorum. He became good friends with Albeniz and Falla, and it was Albeniz who encouraged to find inspiration in the popular music of Spain and Andalucía. His quintet that was premiered in Paris was given the Op. 1 as the beginning of a new way of looking at music and he rarely looked back on the many works published before this time.

In 1914 he returned to Madrid he life in Madrid was divided between composing, teaching and performing. Turina died in Madrid on the 14th of January 1949.

Work

Orchestra

year title Opus Formation
1900 Sevilla 2
1913 La Procesión del Rocío 9
1912 Evangelio, poema 12
1920 Danzas fantásticas 22
1920 Sinfonía Sevillana 23
1928 Ritmos 42
1931 El Castillo De Almodóvar 65
1931 Rapsodia Sinfínica 66 Piano, strings

Stage works

year title Opus Formation
1900 La Sulamita 3 Biblical
1904 La Copla Zarzuela
1905 Fea y con gracia Zarzuela
1914 Margot 11 Lyric Comedy
1916 Navidad 16
1917 La Adúltera Penitente 18
1922 Jardín de Oriente 25 Zarzuela
1923 La Anunciación 27
1930 Pregón de flores Zarzuela

Chamber music

year title Opus Formation
1907 Quinteto 1 str, qt, Pf
1911 La Guitarra 4 str, qt, Pf
1912 Escena Andaluza 7 va, pf, str qt
1924 El poema de una Sanluqueña 29 vn, pf
1925 Oración al Torrero 34 strings
1926 Trio 35 vl, vc, pn
1929 Recuerdos del Antiguo España 48 ft, st, qu
1929 Sonata 51 vn pf
1931 Cuarteto 67 vn, va, vc, pf
1932 Variaciones Clásicas 72 vn pf
1933 Trío 76 nnv vc pf
Sonata 82 vn pf
Serenata 87 st qu
1942 Círculo 91 vn vc pf
Las Musas de Andalucía 93 qnt pf
1945 Tema y variaciones 100 hp pf
1908 Sonata española vn pf
1945 Homenaje a Navarra 102 vn pf

Songs

year title Opus Formation
1914 Rimas de Bécquer 6
1923 Poema en forma de Canciones 19
1923 Tres Arias 26
1927 Two songs 38
Corazón de Mujer 39
1929 Tríptico 45
1930 Tres Sonetos 54
1930 Saeta en flor de salva a la Virgen de Esperanza
1932 Vocalizaciones 74
Ave María 95
1935 Homenaje a Lope de Vega 81

Organ

year title Opus Formation
1914 Prelude
1915 Musette

Piano

year title Opus Formation
1909 Sevilla, suite pintoresca 2
1909 Sonata romántica 3
1911 Rincones Sevillanos 5
1912 Danzas Andaluzas 8
1915 Recuerdos de mi rincón 14
1915 Tragedia Cómica
1916 Álbum de Viaje 15
1917 Mujeres Españolas 17
1918 Cuentos de España 20
1918 Niñerías 21
1922 Sanlucar de Barrameda 24
1924 El cristo de la Calvera 30
1924 Jardines de Andalucía 31
1925 La venta de los Gatos 32
1925 Oración al Torrero 34
1927 El barrio de Santa Cruz 33
1927 La Leyenda de la Giralda 40
1927 Danzas sobre temas populares 41
1927 Verbena Madrileña 42
1927 Ritmos 43
1928 Mallorca 44
1929 Evocaciones 46
1929 Cuentos de España 47
1929 Recuerdos de la Antigua España 48
1929 Viaje Marítimo 49
1929 Tocata y Fuga 50
1929 Miniaturas 52
1930 Cinco danzas Gitanas 55
1930 Niñerías 2 56
1930 Partita 57
1930 Tarjetas Postales 58
1930 Sonata fantasía 59
1931 Radio Madrid 62
1931 Jardín de niños 63
1931 Pieza romántica 64
1931 El castillo de Almodóvar 65
1931 El Círculo 68
1932 Siluetas 70
1932 En la Zapatería 71
1932 Mujeres Españolas 73
1932 Fantasía italiana 75
1932 El Poema Infinito 77
1933 Rincones de Sanlucar 78
1933 Bailete 79
1933 Preludios 80
1934 Fantasía sobre cinco notas 83
1934 Danzas gitanas 84
1934 Ofrenda 85
1934 Hipócrates 86
1935 Concierto sin orquestra 88
1935 Mujeres de Sevilla 89
1935 En el Cortijo 92
1940 En el Cortijo 93
1943 Fantasía del reloj 94
1943 Por las calles de Sevilla 95
1943 Rincón mágico 97
1944 Poema fantástico 98
1944 Contemplación 99
1945 Linterna mágica 101
1945 Fantasía cinematográfica 103
1945 Desde mi Terraza 104
unpublished Sinfonía del Mar

Guitar

year title Opus Formation
1923 Sevillana 29
1926 Fandanguillo 36
1930 Ráfaga 53
1931 Sonata 61
1932 Homenaje a Tárrega 69