Biography

Enrique Granados Campina

Enric Granados Campiña was born in July 27, 1867 in Lerida, his father was born in Cuba and was a member of the Military service. He began to study music at an early age. He studied piano in Barcelona with Joan Baptista Pujol. Pujol had studied with the Mallorcan pianist and student of Liszt Pere Tintorer. Pujol created what could be called the first Catalan piano tradition. Among his numerous students were Albeniz, Malats (teacher of Mompou) and Ricard Viñes. In 1887 he moved to Paris to study with Charles de Beriot. In Paris as well as continuing his friendships with Albeniz, Nin and Viñes, he came into direct contact with the most important French composers at the moment. Faure, Debussy, Ravel, Dukas, d’Indy, establishing a very close relationship with Camille Saint-Saëns. In 1889 he returned to Barcelona to begin his career as a performing virtuoso/composer. In 1892 the gave the first performance of Grieg’s piano concerto in Spain. During this time he performed many chamber music concerts with close friends such as, Pau Casals, Mathieu Crickboom, Jacques Thibaud, Emil von Sauer and Camille Saint-Saens. 1895-98 saw the premier of several of his stage works, Miel de Alcarria, Maria del Carmen along with various chamber works and pieces for piano.

In 1901 he founded the Granados Academy, that was to become the hallmark of teaching the art of playing the piano as understood by Granados. Granados and his wife Amparo drowned when the Sussex, the ship that they were on travelling from London to Barcelona (the last leg of their return trip from the successful premier of the opera Goyescas in New York) was torpedoed crossing the English Channel. Granados directed the Academy until his death, when it was taken over by his pupil and friend Frank Marshall. To solve inheritance problems after the sudden death of Granados, the decision was made by Marshall and the tutor of the Academy, Felipe Pedrell, to change the name to the Marshall Academy, those making Marshall the sole owner. Along with Albeniz and Falla he is often recognized as a nationalistic composer. Actually the term neo-romantic would be better as he developed a personal romantic style up until his time unknown in Spain. An expressive style influenced by Chopin, Schumann, Schubert and Grieg and the 18th century majas of Goya. He represents the romantic and poetic piano of 19th century Spain.

Work

Song

Year Title Group Formation
1910 Amor y odio Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 Callejeo Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 El majo discreto Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 El majo tímido Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 El mirar de la maja Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 El tra-la-la y el punteado Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 La maja de Goya Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 La Maja Dolorosa I, II y III Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 Ay majo de mi vida!, Oh muerte cruel!, De aquel majo amante Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 La currutacas modestas Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 Sí al retiro me llevas Tonadillas voz y piano
1910 El majo olvidado Tonadillas voz y piano
1915 Descúbrase el secreto Amatorias voz y piano
1915 Mañanica era Amatorias voz y piano
1915 Mira que soy niña Amatorias voz y piano
1915 Gracia mía Amatorias voz y piano
1915 Iban al Pinar Amatorias voz y piano
1915 No lloráis ojuelos Amatorias voz y piano
1916 Song of the Postilion voz y piano
Canto gitano voz y piano
Cancioneta voz y piano
Canço voz y piano
1911 Ocell Profeta voz y piano
1912 Elegia eterna voz y piano
1901 Cançó d'amor voz y piano
1900 La Boyra voz y piano

Aria

Year Title Group Formation
1912 La Maya y el ruiseñor Goyescas
Canción cartagenera Mº del Carmen voz y piano
Canción de Fuensantica Mº del Carmen voz y piano

Chamber

Year Title Group Formation
3 preludios vn pf
Romanza vn pf
1910? Sonata 1st 2nd movts vn pf
Andante vn pf
Madrigal vc pf
1912 La Trova Elisenda vc pf
Danza Gallega vc pf
Serenata vc pf
1912? Serenata 2 vn pf
1894 Trio vn,vc,pf
1894 Quinteto 2vn,va,vc,pf
Pequeña Romanza 2 vn va vc
Intermedios para la misa de boda de Dionisio Conde str qt, hp, org
Escena religiosa vn, org, pf, timp
1912 Elisenda, suite after poems by A. Mestres pf, fl, ob, cl, str qnt, pf, S

Stage works 

Year Title Group Formation
1898 María del Carmen
1900 La leyenda de la fada Lyric Drama
1900 Blancaflor
1899 Petraca Dramatic Poem
1901 Picarol Lyric Drama
1901 Follet Lyric Drama
1906 Gaziel Lyric Drama
1911 Liliana Lyric poem
1913 Goyescas Opera
1914 La cieguecita de Betania Children Zarzuela
1895 Miel de la Alcarria Incidental Music
1897 Los Ovillejos Zarzuela

Transcriptions

Year Title Group Formation
I. Albéniz: Triana 2 pf
J.S. Bach: Coral str orc
1905 Scarlatti 25 sonatas piano

New Orchestration

Year Title Group Formation
F. Chopin: Piano Concerto no.2 1st movt nueva orquestración

Arrangements

Year Title Group Formation
M. Clementi vn, va, vc

Orchestra

Year Title Group Formation
1897 La nit del mort
1899 Marcha de los vencidos
1899 Suite sobre cantos gallegos
1901 Boires baixes
1908 Dante mezzo sop and orchestra
1916 Intermezzo Goyescas
Danza gitana

Piano

Year Title Group Formation
1890 Galante, Orientale, Fandango Danzas Españolas vol.1
1890 Villanesca, Andaluza, Rondalla aragonesa Danzas Españolas vol.2
1890 Valenciana, Sardana, Romántica Danzas Españolas vol.3
1890 Melancolica, Arabesca, Bolero Danzas Españolas vol.4
1903 Mazurca Escenas Romanticas
1903 Berceuse Escenas Romanticas
1903 Allegretto Escenas Romanticas
1903 Mazurka Escenas Romanticas
1903 Allegro appassionato Escenas Romanticas
1903 Epílogo Escenas Romanticas
1909 Los requiebros Goyescas
1909 Coloquio en la reja, duo de amor Goyescas
1909 Quejas, o La maja y el ruiseñor Goyescas
1912 El amor y la muerte, balada Goyescas
1912 Epílogo, serenata del espectro Goyescas
1912 Berceuse Eva y Walter Danza de la rosa Escenas poeticas
1912 Vivo e appassionato, Impromptu de la codorniz Dos impromptus
1912 En el jardín, El invierno al suspiro Libro de horas
1912 Despertar del cazador, El hada y el niño Bocetos
1912 Vals muy lento, La campana de la tarde Bocetos
Recuerdos de pasajes lejanos, El Angel de los claustros Escenas poeticas
Canción de Margarita, Sueños del poeta Escenas poeticas
Añoranza, Ecos de la parranda, Vascongada piezas sobre cantos populares españoles
Marcha oriental, Zambra, Zapateado piezas sobre cantos populares españoles
Theme variations and finale, Allegro moderato, El caminante Seis estudios expresivos
Pastoral, La última pavana, María: romarza sin palabras Seis estudios expresivos
1903 Allegro de concierto
1913 El pelele, goyesca
1914 Impromptu
1914 Danza Lenta
1914 Sardana
1914 Vals de Concierto
1884 En la adela
4 hands
from Paris Album
1884 Two Military Marches
4 hands
from Paris Album
1884? Paris Album Contains many early pieces and sketches
I. Albéniz: Azulejos

Recordings

fQuinteto, romanzas y danzas

Enric Granados

Intérpretes: Quartet Glinka y Mac McClure.

Más información